Key Figures

People in Need
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PiN Blanco
118,473
In Destination 87,909
Host Communities 2,061
Col. Returnees 9,797
Pendular 18,706
*In Transit 207,747
10 Dec 2020
Target Population
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Target Blanco
64,488
In Destination 63,422
Host Communities 60
Col. Returnees 725
Pendular 281
*In Transit 26,815
10 Dec 2020
Financial Requirements
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Requerimientos financieros
$10.9M
10 Dec 2020
Appealing Partners
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partners
16
10 Dec 2020

What is the Humanitarian Transportation Sector?

Priority Needs

Movements of refugees and migrants from Venezuela are expected to continue throughout 2021, whether persons transiting through host countries, undertaking pendular movements to and from Venezuela, or entering a destination country with the intention to stay. In August 2020, countries in the region began reopening borders and relaxing travel restrictions previously imposed due to COVID-19, which had an effect on refugees and migrants keen to recommence their movements. In Colombia, for example, an estimated 153,000 people will require inter-municipal, departmental or border-to-border transportation to safely continue their journeys in 2021.

As many refugees and migrants from Venezuela lack the financial means to pay for safe transport, and in view of growing levels of destitution resulting from the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, an increasing number resort to irregular and high-risk forms of travel, such as walking, where the risks of exposure to various protection risks, including GBV, human trafficking or smuggling, exacerbates their already desperate situation. Moreover, once in-destination or while staying temporarily in each location, many refugees and migrants need to move within or in-between cities, districts or provinces in order to access protection and health services, the labour market or basic goods.

 

Response Strategy

Scope of the sector response

The focus of the Humanitarian Transportation response is to provide the most vulnerable refugees and migrants from Venezuela with border-to-border, internal and day-to-day transportation assistance in a safe, humane and dignified manner, ensuring that the following three objectives are met:

1.         First, protection, which includes support to mitigate risks such as human trafficking and smuggling and GBV, particularly among women, girls and persons of diverse gender identities and sexual orientations;

2.        Second, integration, by supporting refugees and migrants to travel to their destinations, for family reunification (particularly for unaccompanied and separated children, or UASCs) and to access the labour market to seek employment; and

3.        Third, to facilitate access to basic goods and services through transport assistance for those who otherwise cannot physically access food, non-food items (NFIs), healthcare, and psychosocial support.

The Sector response will be implemented across 11 countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay.

Response priorities

The first response priority is to provide border-to-border transportation assistance for persons in-transit. The second response priority is to provide internal transportation  between a border and an internal location within a host country or between provinces to facilitate integration. The third response priority is the provision of assistance for day-to-day local transport at the city or municipality level for the most vulnerable.

Integrated response approaches

There exists an inter-sectoral complementarity between the Humanitarian Transportation and the Human Trafficking & Human Smuggling and GBV Sub-Sectors of the Protection Sector, as interventions of the former aim to reduce protection risks addressed by the latter two. Additionally, close collaboration with the WASH and Health Sectors will be necessary to ensure the integration of COVID-19 prevention measures in relocation procedures.

Response modalities

The main response modalities will be in-kind transport services and cash and voucher assistance (CVA) towards the costs of public transport services. Collaboration with the regional CVA Working Group will add value to the response and improve the cost-efficiency of transport interventions.

Documents

Report
Cover EYR RMRP 2020
RMRP 2020 End-Year Report

End-year report on the activities of the RMRP 2020 in 17 countries of the regional response for Venezuelan refugees and migrants. 

Downloads:
140
Publicado:
14 July 2021
Tags:
RMRP RMRP 2020 end-year report regional
View all documents

Humanitarian Transportation Calendar

Type of view
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PER: Necesidades Básicas
 
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Sector Contacts

Rafael Mattar

UNHCR

[email protected]

 

Zahra Hdidou

IOM

[email protected]

 

Javier Parra

NRC

[email protected]