Key Figures

People in Need
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PiN Blanco
118,473
In Destination 87,909
Host Communities 2,061
Col. Returnees 9,797
Pendular 18,706
*In Transit 207,747
10 Dec 2020
Target Population
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Target Blanco
64,488
In Destination 63,422
Host Communities 60
Col. Returnees 725
Pendular 281
*In Transit 26,815
10 Dec 2020
Financial Requirements
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Requerimientos financieros
$10.9M
10 Dec 2020
Appealing Partners
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partners
16
10 Dec 2020

What is the Humanitarian Transportation Sector?

Priority Needs

Movements of refugees and migrants from Venezuela are expected to continue throughout 2021, whether persons transiting through host countries, undertaking pendular movements to and from Venezuela, or entering a destination country with the intention to stay. In August 2020, countries in the region began reopening borders and relaxing travel restrictions previously imposed due to COVID-19, which had an effect on refugees and migrants keen to recommence their movements. In Colombia, for example, an estimated 153,000 people will require inter-municipal, departmental or border-to-border transportation to safely continue their journeys in 2021.

As many refugees and migrants from Venezuela lack the financial means to pay for safe transport, and in view of growing levels of destitution resulting from the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, an increasing number resort to irregular and high-risk forms of travel, such as walking, where the risks of exposure to various protection risks, including GBV, human trafficking or smuggling, exacerbates their already desperate situation. Moreover, once in-destination or while staying temporarily in each location, many refugees and migrants need to move within or in-between cities, districts or provinces in order to access protection and health services, the labour market or basic goods.

 

Response Strategy

Scope of the sector response

The focus of the Humanitarian Transportation response is to provide the most vulnerable refugees and migrants from Venezuela with border-to-border, internal and day-to-day transportation assistance in a safe, humane and dignified manner, ensuring that the following three objectives are met:

1.         First, protection, which includes support to mitigate risks such as human trafficking and smuggling and GBV, particularly among women, girls and persons of diverse gender identities and sexual orientations;

2.        Second, integration, by supporting refugees and migrants to travel to their destinations, for family reunification (particularly for unaccompanied and separated children, or UASCs) and to access the labour market to seek employment; and

3.        Third, to facilitate access to basic goods and services through transport assistance for those who otherwise cannot physically access food, non-food items (NFIs), healthcare, and psychosocial support.

The Sector response will be implemented across 11 countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay.

Response priorities

The first response priority is to provide border-to-border transportation assistance for persons in-transit. The second response priority is to provide internal transportation  between a border and an internal location within a host country or between provinces to facilitate integration. The third response priority is the provision of assistance for day-to-day local transport at the city or municipality level for the most vulnerable.

Integrated response approaches

There exists an inter-sectoral complementarity between the Humanitarian Transportation and the Human Trafficking & Human Smuggling and GBV Sub-Sectors of the Protection Sector, as interventions of the former aim to reduce protection risks addressed by the latter two. Additionally, close collaboration with the WASH and Health Sectors will be necessary to ensure the integration of COVID-19 prevention measures in relocation procedures.

Response modalities

The main response modalities will be in-kind transport services and cash and voucher assistance (CVA) towards the costs of public transport services. Collaboration with the regional CVA Working Group will add value to the response and improve the cost-efficiency of transport interventions.

Documents

Report
Cover Mid-Year Report RMRP 2021
RMRP 2021 Mid-Year Report

Report on progress made by R4V partners from January to June implementing the RMRP 2021, including people reached per sector and national and sub-regional platform, as well as areas of critical under-funding affecting the response for refugees and migrants from Venezuela. 

Downloads:
155
Publicado:
11 October 2021
Tags:
Assessment COVID-19 Data & Statistics Funding Situation Reports Response Plan RMRP RMRP 2021 Mid year r4v
Reporte/Informe
Document image
Flujo De Migración Venezolana Por Tumbes, Ronda 11 (Septiembre 2021)

Pese al cierre de las fronteras terrestres debido a la pandemia se ha observado un flujo continuo de ingresos de refugiados y migrantes venezolanos a través de la frontera norte del país, específicamente por Tumbes. En ese sentido, la OIM ha desplegado la herramienta DTM para realizar encuestas a población venezolana ingresando a Perú a fin de conocer las características de los beneficiarios de asistencia humanitaria.

Downloads:
38
Publicado:
07 October 2021
Tags:
Evaluación Datos y estadísticas
Report
SITREP JULY 2021 - SOUTHERN CONE
SITREP JULY 2021

Situation report of the acitvities implemented on July 2021 by R4V partners across Southern Cone 

Downloads:
57
Publicado:
01 September 2021
Tags:
Situation Reports r4v cono sur RMRP 2021
Guidance
Document image
RMRP 2022 Guidance Humanitarian Transport and Environment

This guidance note has been adapted for the RMRP 2022. Guidance is limited to the context of the region and this emergency. The note is not intended to cover all human mobility emergencies anywhere in the world. Where humanitarian transport interventions overlap with those of other sectors, guidance for those sectors should also be reviewed. Environmental factors can be causes of humanitarian needs for people on the move and host communities. The environment can be affected by humanitarian transport sector response to those needs. Those impacts can be mitigated, and humanitarian transport sector response can also be an entry point for low-cost and simple ways to improve environmental management.

Downloads:
3
Publicado:
30 August 2021
Tags:
Training Material
Reporte/Informe
Document image
Flujo De Migración Venezolana Por Tumbes, Ronda 10 (Julio 2021)

Desde inicios del 2021, se evidenció el ingreso continuo de flujos de refugiados y migrantes venezolanos a través de la frontera norte del país, específicamente por Tumbes. En ese sentido, la OIM ha desplegado la herramienta DTM para realizar encuestas a población venezolana en tránsito hacia Perú. Se realizó un total de 1,088 encuestas. El trabajo de campo se realizó entre el 01 de Mayo y 30 de Junio de 2021.

Downloads:
39
Publicado:
05 August 2021
Tags:
Evaluación Datos y estadísticas
Reporte/Informe
Actualización operacional Arauquita
GIFMM Colombia: Actualización operacional sobre Arauquita - 4 Agosto

Este reporte operacional provee información actualizada frente a la situación de personas de nacionalidad venezolana con necesidades de protección internacional – PNPI- y personas colombianas que retornaron desde Venezuela hacia territorio colombiano que se encuentran autoalojadas en el municipio de Arauquita (casco urbano y zona rural), de Arauca.

Downloads:
35
Publicado:
04 August 2021
Tags:
Informes de situación Refugiados y Migrantes
View all documents

Humanitarian Transportation Calendar

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Sector Contacts

Rafael Mattar

UNHCR

[email protected]

 

Zahra Hdidou

IOM

[email protected]

 

Javier Parra

NRC

[email protected]